The main invasion of Luzon would proceed via the Lingayen Gulf. Cannon report to the bridge.’ I was a little too busy to stop right then.”When Cannon made it to the bridge, the captain informed him there was a bomb on the deck and that it needed to be removed. I grabbed him and helped him to the rail. 1902—sounded general quarters, enemy planes in the vicinity. There are a total of 22 ] WW2 Japanese Kamikaze Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. One man, in particular, is credited with inventing the tactic of Kamikaze attacks. A total of 93 fighters and 57 bombers had been flown in conventional attacks that day, inflicting no damage on the enemy. For the Allied naval forces, a welcome respite followed. The captain then started to assess the damage and determine casualties. “An APA is a tenement, a moving van, a freight car, a garage, a fighting ship, a hospital, an ambulance and a hearse.” In a few short days the DuPage would learn that one more item could be added to the list: target of the divine wind, better known as the kamikaze. The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. In all, kamikaze attacks claimed the lives of 88 crewmembers from 1944-45. A Kamikaze operated plane takes off from the Japanese airstrip heading toward their American target. 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Wells and his gun crew immediately started throwing the 5-inch ammunition overboard. For America, the early months of the war in the Pacific meant one defeat after another. Two escort carriers, two heavy cruisers, two destroyers, a destroyer escort, and several other ships were damaged by kamikaze attacks. “My station was on the rear starboard side,” Wells said. Neilson remembered one of the five was a black sailor from the officers’ mess, who later stated, “I couldn’t swim at the time, however, I learned real fast.” At 11:30 pm, a message from the destroyer USS O’Brien came in reporting that five survivors from the DuPage had been picked up. The destroyers Sumpter, Gascoyne and Pfeiffer were out in front providing protection for the convoy. Masafumi Arima Invented The Kamikaze Strategy. The crew fought all through the next day to keep her afloat and restore power. There were also five men listed as missing and assumed blown over the side. The most often seen were the Mitsubishi A6M ("Zero," ... Ohka. Her crew will always remember January 10, 1945, as the day of the kamikaze. “I motioned to two more men and we manhandled the bomb over the side. The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. These problems notwithstanding, the 43rd Division moved out and expanded its beachhead by two miles.The DuPage was anchored in the outer transport area going through cleanup routines in preparation for getting underway later in the day. The DuPage deck log stated, “Enemy aircraft appeared many times; several were shot from the air, one managed to crash into a transport and the rest were repulsed.”Admiral Oldendorf and the other commanders were worried, with good cause. The coxswain was the pilot while the other crewmen manned the two .30-caliber machine guns. The "USS Nevada," despite an escort and efforts to fight off a Kamikaze attack, sustained such a hit in early 1945 off the coast of Japan. “He was wounded and burned bad, real bad. On or After Date of Successful Attack by Organized Special Attack Squadron - Vice Admiral Takijiro Ohnishi formed the first kamikaze special attack squadron in the early morning of October 20, 1944 (Inoguchi 1958, 13), but the first successful suicide attacks by special attack squadrons did not take place until October 25, … The kamikazes—Japanese suicide planes piloted by fliers bent on sacrificing themselves by diving their aircraft into American naval vessels—soon found the strung-out convoy. The USS DuPage: Braving Kamikazes From Air And Sea, The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. With the sea lanes protected, the Luzon invasion moved forward. At Okinawa, kamikaze attacks focused at first on Allied destroyers on picket duty, and In command of the fire support groups was Vice Adm. Jesse B. Oldendorf, and Vice Adm. Daniel E. Barby was over the transport groups.The first elements of the attack force, Task Group 77.6, consisting of minesweeping and hydrographic units, departed on January 2, 1945. The defensive configuration of the guns was situated on both the bow and stern of the ship. Suddenly I was lifted off my feet and slammed into the bulkhead, knocking me out. MacArthur believed the planes were from air bases on Luzon, while Oldendorf assumed they had come from Formosa. A Japanese plane plunging downwards during a Kamikaze attack . The second crewman manned the winch to crank up the ramp as they pulled off the beach. The ship’s chaplain officiated the service to bury the DuPage’s dead at sea.January 13 brought the last significant kamikaze attacks on the Luzon attack force. The first kamikaze force was in fact composed of 24 volunteer pilots from Japan’s 201st Navy Air Group. The explosion killed 61 men and tore a 25-foot hole in the hull. By 7:37 pm damage control parties reported all fires extinguished and under control. “Once we got loaded with troops the assault LCVPs would move away from the ship and form up in a large circle. MacArthur believed the planes were from air bases on Luzon, while Oldendorf assumed they had come from Formosa. At 6 pm, the DuPage got underway in accordance with standard procedures for forming up the transport convoy. The superiority of the suicide attacks was manifest. 1915—twin engine bomber sighted, heading dead on for the USS DuPage, screening destroyer escort USS Cavalier and USS Fayette opened fire on plane.”. Loading elements of the 43rd Infantry Division at Aitape, New Guinea, were the attack transport USS DuPage (APA 41) and her sister ships [including USS Elmore (APA-42)]. By mid-1944 the Allied forces were ready to take the next step toward the Home Islands of Japan. The "Nevada," veteran of the last war, was in Pearl Harbor at this war's beginning, and has fought in many major actions since. Toran as executive officer. Mindoro was taken by mid-December and the airfields converted for Army Air Force use. No damage except my buddy manning the ramp lever swallowed his chew of tobacco.”When the DuPage crew got all the assault troops ashore, the laborious process of unloading cargo from the ship holds got under way. This force was followed by Task Group 77.2, the bombardment and fire support vessels accompanied by 12 escort carriers and their screening destroyers and destroyer escorts. We were right in between two LSTs when a mortar shell exploded right in front of the boat. Kamikaze attacks were more accurate than conventional attacks… Seaman 1st Class Rudolph Daniel Wells’ battle station was a 40mm antiaircraft gun. He recalled:“We saw it dive until it was skimming just above the ocean surface. The basic design for the DuPage was a five-hatch cargo ship powered by an 8,500-horsepower steam turbine that could move it up to a speed of 16.5 knots. With the sea lanes protected, the Luzon invasion moved forward. The invasion troops were quartered amidships on lower decks 1 and 2. Kamikaze (神風, [kamiꜜkaze]; “divine wind” or “spirit wind”), officially Kamikaze/ShinpÅ« Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (神風特別攻撃隊, “Divine Wind Special Attack Unit”), were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who flew suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval … We were lifted about five feet out of the water and slammed back down. The invasion force reached Lingayen Gulf on January 6 and commenced sweeping operations and fire support. In the area with the DuPage, the transport USS War Hawk was riding at anchor. We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing While there may have been exceptions, they invariably targeted … He grabbed two men, and with the fire hoses soaking them down, started to get the bomb untangled from cables and beams. The landing craft complement for the ship included two 50-foot LCMs (Landing Craft, Mechanized) on the aft deck with a 36-foot LCVP (Landing Craft, Vehicle and Personnel) nested in each LCM. We had to wait until all landing craft from the transports were ready to head in as a part of an assault wave. All the wounded were ordered to the infirmary, and a crew count commenced. The next morning two boatloads of medical officers and pharmacists came aboard from the USS Wayne and USS Fuller. Two landing craft, LCI(G)-365 and LCI(M)-974, were sunk on January 10 by suicide boats.January 10 found the infantry units up to eight miles inland, moving forward against very little resistance. Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. At 6:30 pm, the DuPage weighed anchor and moved to the outer transport area. “A large chunk of the airplane had sliced through the area and took his head off. On February 14, all of us were punished because they suspected that we ate at … Kamikaze were Japanese suicide pilots who attacked Allied warships in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War.The name means "divine wind" and refers to a typhoon that destroyed an enemy fleet in the 13 th century.After the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941 they were defeated in many important battles in … Her last orders assigned her to Operation Magic Carpet, transporting American veterans home.The service of the USS DuPage was continuous and honorable throughout the war, but one particular incident stands out. When the ship was declared secure, they looked around their area for casualties.“When we looked at the 20mm gun port on the deck above us, the boy in the gunner’s seat was dead,” said Wells. The wounded were transferred to hospital ships USS Mercy and USS Marigold. In command of the fire support groups was Vice Adm. Jesse B. Oldendorf, and Vice Adm. Daniel E. Barby was over the transport groups. The first load of casualties consisted of three dead and 10 wounded. On or After Date of Successful Attack by Organized Special Attack Squadron - Vice Admiral Takijiro Ohnishi formed the first kamikaze special attack squadron in the early morning of October 20, 1944 (Inoguchi 1958, 13), but the first successful suicide attacks by special attack squadrons did not take place until October 25, … The American commanders were in a quandary as to where the attacks were originating. The leading elements of the task force were bombed, and six kamikazes jumped the force, damaging an oiler and minesweeper. Kamikaze Attempts Against the Hadley. My forward unit got the fires on the bridge under control and as we started aft, a seaman rushed up and said we had a live bomb on deck, fire all around it.”. All troop cargo was transferred to the beachhead by 5 pm. Kamikaze Photos & Casualty List: and Kamikaze Attack Photos USS DuPage (APA-41) Casualty List. Enemy aircraft continued to be a threat, requiring continuous general quarters calls. News of the kamikaze successes flashed throughout the navy. In case the steering controls on the bridge were disabled, the ship could be controlled from this area. My buddy, Waldript, was on the bridge and saw the Jap come in. Fire came rolling down the port side and over the top of me. The chaplain conducted the service in which five U.S. Army and two U.S. Navy casualties were buried.During the invasion, reports of suicide attacks other than those by kamikazes began to come in. The DuPage continued on with the convoy to Leyte Gulf, where she anchored on January 13. At 7:02 pm, general quarters was sounded as two Japanese twin-engine bombers were sighted.“I had just gotten cleaned up when general quarters sounded,” said Wells. The resulting flooding knocked out the engine, leaving the ship dead in the water. Captain at the conn. 1841—secured from general quarters, set condition III. Wauchape was in command of the DuPage with Lt. Cmdr. When the kamikaze hit, Cannon was in his office and in contact with the damage control sections via interphone. Throughout the conflict, at least 47 Allied ships were sunk by Kamikaze fighters, while a further 300 were seriously damaged. By 2015, the fires were under control and the carrier was able to recover aircraft. Almost every make and model of aircraft were used as kamikazes. The … Far to the rear, the amphibious assault forces were having problems with Japanese aircraft and submarines. On the DuPage the crew continuously heard the general quarters’ call and rushed to man battle stations as enemy aircraft were sighted. Experiencing the Kamikaze: "Jap planes were coming at us from all directions." The kamikazes had their most successful day on October 24, 1944, when 378 kamikazes managed to sink 16 Allied warships off Okinawa. For the DuPage this invasion would produce a traumatic event that the ship’s crew had witnessed but never experienced. Wells and the gun crews in the aft section helped contain the fires and throw all explosive material overboard. The ship then sent out a voice radio message requesting all ships astern to be on the lookout for men blown overboard. At the same time, the forces of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz had started a drive through the islands to the east that included the Solomons, Gilberts, Marshalls, and Marianas. The Allies had to invade and secure the small island of Mindoro before the main invasion could go forward, because two airfields there could support Japanese attacks on the invasion fleet. The forces of General MacArthur had driven up the north coast of New Guinea all the way to Morotai Island, lying just south of the Philippines. Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. Japanese pilots used the tactic of Kamikaze (suicidal) dive-bombing attacks on enemy warships in 1944 and 1945. The aircraft banked slightly left, then turned back to the right, causing the forward gun crews to think the bomber was going to pull up and go over the ship. Casualties on the "Nevada" are sixty men dead, wounded, and missing. All that remain of the Kamikaze plane are its wheels. The wing then hit the boom cable, and the plane twisted to hit the port side of the navigation bridge just below us. In the dark nothing could be seen, and the Shinyo rammed the port side of the ship. Loading elements of the 43rd Infantry Division at Aitape, New Guinea, were the attack transport USS, (APA 41) and her sister ships [including USS. work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. From December 13, 1944, to January 13, 1945, the Japanese succeeded in sinking 24 vessels and damaging 67 others in action off the Philippines. It was located in the ship’s stern just over the shaft alley. At Aitape Roads, New Guinea, the DuPage had embarked the 1st Battalion, 172nd Regiment, 43rd Division, a total of 79 officers, 997 enlisted men, and 416 tons of equipment.Captain G.M. He rushed to throw a shell and powder casing over the side. The War Hawk was repaired enough to make the trip back to Leyte Gulf. The rapper has hit out at those who criticised his previous record in controversial fashion This hull configuration was used for escort carriers and troop transports (AP) in addition to attack transports (APA). The DuPage was in formation as guide ship for the convoy of 17 transports and some smaller vessels. I heaved a sigh of relief.”. One wing blown off, a Japanese plane scores a direct hit. The guy died in my arms before a corpsman arrived.”The captain reported the suicide crash to the USS Cavalier and advised that the DuPage could maintain position as guide in cruising formation. This hull configuration was used for escort carriers and troop transports (AP) in addition to attack transports (APA). Although dangerous, they did not take precautions to avoid detection and antiaircraft fire. At 7:15 word came down from division command: “Lower all boats.” The crew immediately commenced lowering all landing craft, and this was completed by 7:49 am. Gun tubs 16 and 18 were wrecked, decks along the port side were holed and bulkheads badly warped. By Don SmartWarfare History NetworkAugust 21, 2015. Australian and U.S. naval forces suffered 1,230 men killed and 1,800 wounded by the kamikazes during the Philippine operation. At Okinawa they inflicted the greatest losses ever suffered by the U.S. Navy in a single battle, killing almost 5,000 men. Just then we got hit by water from the fire hose and pushed back against the bulkhead. Japanese kamikaze attacks against U.S. aircraft carriers and ships in the Pacific during WWII. I heard one 500-pound bomb go off as the plane careened down the ship’s side.”At 7:15 pm, the left wing of the plane hung on one of the ship’s antimine Paravene boom cables and swung into the left side of the navigation bridge. As the main force moved ahead, the attacks continued. “An army lieutenant kept hollering to get them to the beach. The gunner ran the elevation transverse and trigger, the trainer ran the azimuth transverse.”The attack transport had a formidable array of antiaircraft weapons. This area had excellent beaches, plus access to the island’s central plain and a direct road to the Manila Bay region. A heavy cruiser was damaged, and an escort carrier was sunk. The following pictures of the aftermath of the Kamikaze attack were provided by Vernon Neilson. The Zeke pulled up at the last moment to correct the dive and the airplane hit the center of the flight deck. The most effective use of kamikazes was in the battle for Okinawa. The peak in kamikaze attacks came during the period of April–June 1945, at the Battle of Okinawa. “I saw the ships on either side of the DuPage shooting with their guns aimed just above the water,” remembered Neilson. Neilson could not remember what happened to the 5-inch gun crew, but saw the gun lift up and off its stand when the plane hit. The Elmore Project. The crew had refueled a destroyer, transferred provisions to an LCI, and continued to care for wounded in its infirmary. The USS Intrepid being struck by a kamikaze off Luzon, Philippines, November 25, 1944. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 this invasion would produce a traumatic event that the ship’s crew had witnessed but never experienced. To support the convoy, Admiral William F. Halsey committed the aircraft of his Third Fleet against installations on Luzon as far south as Clark Field.By January 5, as Halsey’s fast carriers were in position to strike Luzon, Oldendorf’s forward groups were having a rough time. Three of the wounded died the following day. The carrier "Ticonderoga," off Formosa, sustains a near miss from another Kamikaze. This armada of transports and their protective shield formed a convoy over 40 miles long. The pilot is wrapped in the Japanese flag for his suicide mission. The captain found 32 men killed outright with 160 sustaining various levels of wounds. The Japanese Kamikaze was their last desperate attempt to counter American military and industrial superiority. In addition to killing members of the amidships damage control party, the crash killed all five crew members of the command boat aboard their craft.“I heard the boy in the crow’s nest yelling in the interphone,” commented Wells. “I told the Coxswain he should wait until the LSTs got through because the Japanese loved to fire mortars at them,” Wells remembered. “We had heard one bomb go off and had no idea what else the plane might have had. The impact of Kamikaze attacks decreased during the final months of the war in the Pacific, in part because of an improvement in Allied evasion tactics. The plane cartwheeled down the port side of the ship, exploding bombs and fuel. Fahey thought he was the first person to see a kamikaze attack in action — but he wasn't. Before the formation of kamikaze units, pilots had made deliberate crashes as a last resort when their planes had suffered severe damage and they did not want to risk being captured, or wanted to do as much damage to the enemy as possible, since they were crashing anyway. To support the convoy, Admiral William F. Halsey committed the aircraft of his Third Fleet against installations on Luzon as far south as Clark Field. Emergency repairs were made from January 13-20, and the DuPage prepared to return to war. Japan Kamikaze Attack 1944 Сolor restoration video. “I got up from my seat to see what he was hollering about. Another attack at 1900 scored an additional bomb hit, believed to have been a 500 kg bomb, but the kamikaze itself did little damage and slid over the side. Each rack had two davits to attach and lower the boats to the water. The LCVP had a crew of three. As the hours of January 10 waned, the captain put out a call for medical assistance for his vessel. “I got my pants and a skivvy shirt on and ran for the gun. The guns would open fire with a cacophony of noise as the enemy planes approached. TTY: 202.488.0406, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. Moreau remembered the moment the DuPage and the kamikaze came together. The overall force commander was Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid. “There had been reports of Japanese swimmers trying to reach the ships under the boxes. View the list of all donors. In other words, kamikaze attacks actually cost the Japanese fewer lives to achieve a given number of hits than conventional attack. A line of low, grass-covered hills gave the Japanese good defensive positions, with two more low ridges behind the first. Japan’s Kamikaze pilots and their suicide attacks on the American warships in the last year of World War II, was one of the most terrorizing memories of the war. Attacking singly or in groups of four or more, the Kamikazes pressed their suicide runs, and the tiny ships worked in mutual support as best they could. Washington, DC 20024-2126 This included the battalions’ vehicles stored in holds 2 and 4. This was climaxed in May 1942 with the fall of the Philippine Islands. In the early hours of January 10, lookouts reported hearing the sound of a boat approaching. The targets were U.S. escort carriers; one, the St. On the forward deck, three racks contained eight more LCVPs. He was killed instantly. When I looked at my gun station, the seat I was sitting in was also blown off. The kamikazes were not through, however, as demonstrated in April during the Okinawa invasion. A heavy cruiser was damaged, and an escort carrier was sunk. Yukio Seki was born in a small village, Iyo Saijo, in Shikoku. Later, three more dead and 40 wounded were taken from an LSM. As the transports got closer to Lingayen Gulf, they began to come under intense air attack. When I came to seconds later, a sailor was kicking fire off me. Forward, the heavy equipment, trucks, jeeps, and howitzers were on lower decks 3 and 4.The trip lasted 11 days and proceeded through the Surigao Strait, Mindanao Sea, Sulu Sea, Mindoro Strait, South China Sea, and into Lingayen Gulf. The Wayne crew scrambled to throw life preservers to the swimming sailors as the ship steamed by, since the transports in the convoy could not stop. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Axell and Kase see these suicides as "individual, impromptu decisions by me… Several torpedoes were fired at the convoy to no effect. The crew of the attack transport DuPage braved kamikaze attacks while supporting American landings in the Philippines. Lieutenant Seki had found his target. Lieutenant George R. Cannon was the deck officer in charge of damage-control parties.

list of kamikaze attacks

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