Bana grass is a particular variety of Pennisetum. Brachiaria grass does not take up lots of nutrients from the soil. Its nutritive value can however vary depending on a number of factors key among them how it is cared for in the field, how it is prepared on farm or how it is conserved. Health benefits of Nut Grass. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. Napier grass has the ability to withstand drought conditions, this coupled with dwindling land size for small dairy holders has made it a preferred choice. farmradio.org. An orthogonal experiment (form L 16 (4 5)) was used to investigate how the soil nematode community (density, diversity, and faunal structure) and soil health were affected by hybrid napiergrass management. Some of the medicinal uses of nut grass are described below: 1. The advantage of Napier grass is that it propagates easily. Benefits of Brachiaria Grass. And the quality of milk has increased. Napier is favoured because it is easy to establish. It is also a natural remedy for kidney stones conditions as well as kidney infection. MAXIMUM BENEFITS. Basic Bana grass facts. The yields depend on the cultivar and fertilizer application. Planting Napier grass • Select healthy Napier grass for planting. For instance, unfertilized Guinea grass yields around 7t DM/ha while N-fertilized pastures can yield up to 42t/ha (Hongthong Phimmasan, 2005). Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. However, the most affected districts are those located around Lake Victoria Crescent areas where zero grazing dairy cattle production is a major enterprise. is a fast-growing perennial grass native to Sub-Saharan Africa that is widely grown across the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and semi-intensive dairy cattle and goat production systems to meet the increasing demand for milk and meat. … Despite being some of the most important crops globally, there has been limited research on forages when compared with cereals, fruits, and vegetables. (11) Toxicity • Report of fatal nitrate poisonings in cattle fed solely on a diet of Napier grass. Couch grass might work like a water pill and increase the elimination of water from the body. With the expansion of Napier grass crop, however, has come a new disease called 'Napier Stunt' also known as kugengewala. Napier has good root systems that can cover a wide area and this has made it a master of soil erosion control especially on river banks. This is mainly because Napier is a fast growing grass that can grow up to 4 metres tall. You can choose to use napier grass as pasture or conserve it as silage or hay. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. Napier grass is one of the neglected lignocellulosic material with high biomass yield compared to other energy grasses such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, typically in the range of 25–35 oven dry tonnes per hectare annually, which corresponds to 100 barrels of oil energy equivalent per hectare. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. The productivity of elephant grass is also high. Napier grass possesses many desirable characteristics, including high yield per unit area, tolerance to intermittent drought and high water use efficiency [ 2 ], making it a forage of choice. Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. Tag "Elephant grass/Napier grass" Back To Homepage. The disease is much more severe and prevalent in poorly managed Napier grass fields. The yellowing should not be confused with yellowing due to poor soils. The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Former Makindye East MP to seek court injunction. This is where you harvest the grass and feed it to livestock. Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. There are many good benefits like this. It is a good fodder for animal in low budget. It is vulnerable to disease and pest attacks. is a major tropical grass.It is one of the highest yielding tropical grasses. It has larger leaves, softer and less persistent hairs of leaf blades and sheaths and less sharp leaf edges. She said this plant was once very popular and widely sought after in Taiwan. farmradio.org. Compared to Napier grass, Hybrid Napier produces numerous leaves. It is better to conserve napier this way rather than leaving it to overgrow in the field like many farmers do as they wait to use it during dry seasons. Hybrid napier grass has been developed as an end result of hybridization between pennisetum americanum, pennisetum purpuperum bajra and pure napier.        It is a very versatile species that can be grown under a wide range of conditions and systems: dry or wet conditions, smallholder or larger scale agriculture. •    Ignorance on symptoms and mode of transmission Napier grass is vulnerable to diseases like Napier stunt and Napier smut diseases. I ordered some samples and got an analysis of the protein content, crude fiber content and dry matter content of Rivashaa’s products – and I found they were just as good as advertised! Nutritional Value of a Banana Stem (Musa paradisiaca Val) of Anaerobic Fermentation Product Supplemented With Nitrogen, Sulphur and Phosphorus Sources.Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 738-742. The biomass operations team operate 24 hours a day and are responsible for delivering 25 tonnes of biomass per hour to the factory. Causes and spread of Napier stunt disease, The disease is caused by phytoplasma, microscopic bacteria found in phloem cells of plants and transmitted mainly by insect vectors (leaf and plant hoppers,”:amayanzi”) when they feed on infected plants. •    Farmers have raised the quantities of manure applied per acre by one tone. Kindly provide your details to receive the Newvision Newsletter, The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Farmers benefit from artificial insemination tech. Napier is also easy to propagate. Ouma and South Africa varieties are the best varieties of Napier grass for use in Push-pull because they are resistant to Napier stunt. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. Napier grass also produces a sticky substance like gum that traps the stem borers and eventually kills them. Napier grass is grown along maize or sorghum (in rows or in borders) to reduce the stem borer population. It does not grow well in waterlogged areas. It takes up a lot of nutrients from the soils and is highly demanding on nutrient recycling/fertilizer application. Consider feeding the animal on high protein legumes like desmodium, sweet potatoe vines and calliandra, concentrates and mineral licks in addition to napier to increase milk production. Indeed napier grass is the livestock ugali. There are many good benefits like this. Napier stunt disease management, •    Uproot and burn diseased plants © 2019 - New Vision. The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. • Effect of Induced Oxalate Toxicity of Buffalo Calves from Feeding on Napier Grass: Study evaluated the effect of oxalate toxicity on health of male buffalo calves from experimentally induced ad libitum feeding of overgrown Napier grass with deprivation of water. Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of using couch grass. The napier grass then enters the mill (the same as with sugarcane) where it is shredded in preparation for the boilers. Napier grass is best suited to high rainfall areas, but it is drought-tolerant and can also grow well in drier areas. Name – Pennisetum purpureum x americanum Family – Poaceae Type – grass. August 29, 2020 Posted by: RSIS Team; Category: Biochemistry, IJRIAS; No Comments . The best time to harvest napier is when the grass is about one metre long or three to four months old. Napier stunt disease Napier grass is one of the most important forages used by more than 90% of small-scale farmers as fodder for their cows, sheep and goats. Napier is not suitable for direct grazing since stumping results in poor regeneration. Harvest the grass when it is young before it becomes fibrous and the stem unpalatable. They can tell you more about the Napier smut and stunt diseases. This process improves digestibility. Hybrid Napier Grass. Disease management has changed quite easily. I It is forage for napier grass once harvest and without additional fertilization. Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). Morrone was proposed in 2010 as a replacement for Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. Moreover, because both plants are perennial, push–pull conserves the soil’s moisture and improves its health. Farmers have needed to rely on the “cut and carry” method, meaning they have had to cut the grass at its original location and then transport it back to their farm. napier grass health benefits. This review summarizes the literature highlighting the significance of forage crops, the current improvements and some of future directions for improving yield and nutritional quality. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. It has the ability to withstand repeated cutting and will rapidly regenerate, producing palatable leafy shoots [ 4 ]. Napier grass is also used in integrated pest management strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas. Elephant grass is a staple livestock feed. Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. Affected Napier grass plants remain stunted, have short internodes, bunchy appearance and produce very low fodder yields. It is also the main source for paper production in mnay regions. Brachiaria grass produces a lot of forage yearly. Published on 5 september 2017 In this video i am telling about napier grass. By using our site, you agree to use our cookies. Adding molasses during ensiling improves fermentation process and makes it a delicacy to livestock. It is an environmentally friendly and renewable source, with high biomass production at about 40 tons/hectare/year, and harvested 4 to 6 times per year. •    Many smallholder dairy farmers struggle to make up for the lost biomass due to the disease by stepping up feed supplementation resulting into an increase in cost of supplements per day by 200 per cent. We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. Despite being some of the most important crops globally, there has been limited research on forages when compared with cereals, fruits, and vegetables. Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. Napier grass/Bracharia grass is more attractive to stemborer moths than maize and it 'pulls' the moths to lay their eggs on it. The benefits of yield increase will be . Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. This plant has been used in the treatment and prevention of many ailments. 13-jul-2020 - Pennisetum purpureum cultivars and hybrids (Elephant grass / Napier grass) are originally from the tropical grasslands of Africa. The disease was first observed on farmers’ fields in Masaka district in 2000. Basic Bana grass facts. And the cattle are good health. The taxon Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) All Rights Reserved. The yields depend on the cultivar and fertilizer application. •    Use Napier grass varieties that are tolerant to the disease 1. MAXIMUM BENEFITS. Napier grass. Applying manure to the fodder fields reduces disease incidence by over 40% Pennisetum species is a tall perennial plant, growing to 2 – 6mts tall, rarely up to 7.5 mt. But it's too soon to know if this causes side effects such as low potassium levels. Leaves of some affected plants begin to dry at the edges and have a ‘torn’ appearance. •    The reduction in fodder yield forces farmers to buy grass to compensate for declining production or to reduce the number of animals. Napier grass produces significantly higher levels of attractive volatile compounds (green leaf volatiles), cues used by gravid stemborer females to locate host plants, than maize or sorghum. August 29, 2020 Posted by: RSIS Team; Category: Biochemistry, IJRIAS; No Comments . Biden won. •    While a healthy acre of Napier grass fodder when properly supplemented should provide feed to sustain one mature cow and its calf for about six months, fields affected by the disease may support the same animal for less than 3 months, greatly reducing milk yields and household income. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. It is however recommended that for maximum use, the cut and carry method is better. What does that mean for Kenya? The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. Health benefits of couch grass. In Pampanga, farmers are planting Napier grass to fuel a revolutionary move towards renewable energy. While many farm owners and livestock owners are well aware of the benefits of Indian-grown forage and silage like alfalfa, maize, Napier and Super Napier, Hybrid Napier Grass CO5 is a new hybridized grass that offers superior nutrition – for a similar price. Napier grass is planted in marginal lands and slopes to increase soil fertility and to reduce soil erosion. If you choose to let animals graze on it directly from the field do it in a rotational manner— bring in animals after three months and then give the grass about a month to sprout thereafter. Couch grass has been used for thousands of years now to treat inflamed bladder, water retention, uterine infection, urination that is painful to pass. Napier grass {Pennisetum purpureum Schum. Eventually the stool may be completely destroyed. The stems are also less fibrous than Napier. Figure – 1 . To personalise content, tailor ads and provide best user experience, we use cookies. Effect of the disease on fodder and animal production and household income, •    The total herbage yield of Napier grass is reduced by over 80%. In the US, it is sometimes used as an ornamental plant. Later, I did some research and discovered the English common name for … Explainer: Why recounts rarely change the results of U.S. elections. Napier grass can be propagated from cuttings or from root slips. Napier grass, the nutritious cattle ugali, but is it all your cow needs? Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. Planting Napier grass • Select healthy Napier grass for planting. The big battle for SportPesa brand, Why selling hard work to youth is so difficult, How to effectively drive away your customers, We deserve better than Raila Odinga and Uhuru Kenyatta. As a vet, I will focus on it because it is a land mark that you can never miss in any livestock farm, just like ugali in any Kenyan home. Guinea grass yields an average of 30 t DM/ha/year (Cook et al., 2005). The writer is a veterinary surgeon working with Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council –KENTTEC, What's in a name? He noted that there is no age restriction in planting the Napier grass, as both adult and youth can engage in the production, which is why the grass is being called value chain benefits. This is more so when you are in a zero grazing arrangement. Brachiaria grass does not take up lots of nutrients from the soil. Check below explanation to know further. And the quality of milk has increased. This could be a source of ticks and poisonous plants. Figure – 2 . It is also … This changed the cost of manure application by about Ushs 34,400 per acre per year  Thus, nepier grass is more suitable for large ruminants such as cow. Napier grass has been identified as an important tool in the integrated management of stem borers of maize and sorghum due to its importance as a trap crop for these pests. Additionally, the grass can be used as a hedge around maize plantation and it will serve as a wind breaker. Between PSC and President, who calls the shots in the Magoha affair? Adsorbent Material from Grafting Polymethylacrylate unto Methylcellulose from Elephant (Napier) Grass Cellulose. When the eggs hatch and the small larvae bore into Napier grass/Bracharia grass stems, the plant produces a sticky substance like glue which traps them, and they die. Studies conducted at the National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI) have shown over 90 percent of Napier grass fodder fields in Uganda are affected by this disease. November 26th 2016 at 11:47:05 GMT +0300. My cow has refused to go for long call, Coast drug addicts decry shortage of rehabs and counselling centers, Governors want wider road to boost business at depot, Coca-Cola tears into Plaintiffs evidence in bad soda case, Probe into death of six Nyeri children yields no suspects. Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). napier grass health benefits. Harvest the grass by cutting at five metres above the ground for good re-growth. farmradio.org. The tillers are more numerous and grow faster (See figure 1). Disease management has changed quite easily. Napier grass uses nitrogen supplied by Desmodium and therefore saves farmers on costs on top dressing. Per square meter, napier grass can produce fresh forage of 2.14 kgs. Soil health benefits from an optimal combination of fertilization, irrigation and cutting. Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes . 1. We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. Leaving napier in the field reduces its utility as it greatly lowers its nutrition level. Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes . Government ready to improve the quality of... Cwinya-ai wins Kitante Open as Oche leads pros contest, Rugumayo confident of wrapping up TML Golf Series at Kitante, Rugumayo eyes professional move after winning Uganda Open. by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s chief scientific in-house research agency. Palatability is further enhanced by chopping the foliage and stem either manually using a machete or a chuff cutter. The present study aimed to evaluate nutritive value and fermentative quality of silages made of either chopped or unchopped Napier grass harvested at different growth stages, and effects on intake and blood composition of cattle. Mission. Major methods of spreading Napier stunt disease on-farm are: How to cite this article: Ana Rochana, Tidi Dhalika, Atun Budiman and Kurnia A. Kamil, 2017. Any time after this the fibre content goes high and digestibility is low. •    Movement of infected planting materials by farmers Subscribe to our newsletter and stay updated on the latest developments and special offers! Factbox: The U.S. presidential election explained in 10 numbers, Dairy farmers decry cost of feeds, milk production costs have hiked, Dairy farmers from Kitiri, Nyandarua learn how a new milk trace ability system helps improve quality, My cow has developed habit of ‘hiding’ milk, Kisumu to build dairy farm to boost milk production, Dairy farmers in Nandi earn Sh 800 million in milk deliveries, Help! It is popular as a feed crop for livestock, and is also useful for attracting pest insects away from important food crops, such as maize. Napier grass at this stage has relatively high moisture content and this can be reduced by wilting (exposing them to the sun for one to two hours). Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. The major threat to adoption and expansion of the push-pull technology, and to the smallholder dairy industry, is the stunt disease of Napier grass . Lady finger serves many benefits to health and its one of super food which should be consumed by people who suffer from diabetes. I’m a skeptic by nature, so when I first heard about the benefits of Napier COBN5 ( Napier CO5 ) forage and silage from Rivashaa, I decided to do my tests. Results suggested induced toxicity decrease rumen protozoa concentration, plasma calcium and phosphorus level leading to hypocalcemia that resulted … Abstract. - Biomass: Grass has low water and nutrient requirements. If you want to make silage from napier grass it is advised that you harvest when they are two months old or one month re-growth. By Dr. Jolly Kabirizi    An orthogonal experiment (form L16(45)) was used to investigate how the soil nematode community (density, diversity, and faunal structure) and soil he… And the cattle are good health. The grass is widely used for soil and water conservation in hilly slope areas. It has the ability to withstand repeated cutting and will rapidly regenerate, producing palatable leafy shoots [ 4 ]. •    The institute is producing hay on commercial basis for sale to farmers. I will not dwell on this grass for the above reasons; that can be done well by my agriculturalists friends like Dr Orek Charles, Kelvin Omondo, Mike Mbakaya and Grace Mureithi. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) Le napier produit aussi une matière gluante comme du chewing-gum qui prend au piège les foreurs des tiges et qui éventuellement les tue. There are several reasons for this — the grass grows relatively fast and can give “elephant” feeds after just three months. (Chemisquy et al., 2010). Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) can be selected as a primary livestock feed in small to medium scale goat farm.Because farms are limited, typical graze land is 0.5 to 2.0 hectares. ), also known as ele- phant grass and Merker grass, is a rank-growing perennial which is being used extensively for rotational pastures, as silage, and as a soil-improving crop, in Florida, Hawaii (iO, 11),^ Trinidad (5, 9), and other tropical and semitropical regions. When combined with Desmodium it is an effective biological control agent for the African Maize stem borer through the push and pull technology. But Napier grass/Bracharia grass does not allow stemborer larvae to develop on it. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and …